The Sampiro - Albania
The most laughable of old tales apart from one element...a being with two hearts. See conspiracies - science & theory. Albanian in origin, the Sampiro symbolised the moral outcome of not adhering to local traditions. This is a classic case of cultural racism, anyone who dabbled with the Turks or had contact with them was destined to walk the earth as a Sampiro and not find peace in the afterlife. Seen as a way of preserving the purity of the Albanian people.
The most laughable trait of this vampire was that it staggered around in high heels and made kissing noises. Also known as the Russian Oupir and largely responsible for plagues and epidemics.
El Chupacabra - New Mexico/Puerto Rico/South America and beyond?
Well, this is the most intriguing of all the cases. More to follow including pictures, accounts and links.
Also known as the 'goat suckers' - see conspiracies.
Google the following if you want to find a multitude of other sites, images, video, etc: Basically, it's a red herring.
Francisco Vazquez de Coronado, Luis Guadalupe sighting Puerto Rico, Inside Edition article enquiry 1999, bio energetic signatures, Dr Tsian Kanchen.
Physical Description: 3-5 feet tall when standing on its hind legs, grey facial skin, coarse hair, black/yellow/reddish eyes, canine like snout and 3 fingered clawed hands.
The Alp - Germany/Mountainous region of Austria and Switzerland
Most of the Grimm fairytales of today originiated and were adapted from ancient folklore about mythical woodmen/demons who lived deep within the woods. Otherwise, you're wasting your time.
The Aswang - Phillipines
A beast that sucked up your blood and stored it in their breasts. Manipulative. Deterred by salt mixed with urine. Also known as the tik-tik or wak-wak. You decide if this is real or the evolution of the mosquito.
More on Asian vampires to follow.
Dybbuk - Hebrew, Judaism
An interesting notion that these creatures could suck the life force from within you just by being close - if you consider the idea of natural magnetic fields and osmosis then there is a degree of plausibility here. There is suggestion that this story had moral merit within Judaism. The conspiracies dabble a bit more in to the field of energy fields.
It's worth mentioning the role of vampires in relation to religion. All religions talked of vampires as the product of sin. You must remember that I am not just talking about Christianity, we have an instilled ideology that vampires can only be defeated by a man carrying a cross and who has faith, but this is the product of Western Cinema and naturally we have come to love the narrative conventions of binary opposition; good versus evil, light versus dark, god versus the devil.
But faith is an amazing thing, and those who have it are stronger than you and I.
Jaracaca - Brazil (also known as Lobishomen)
Animal like creature that often took on the guise of a snake. It could cause weakness by feeding on blood and breast milk. Serpents and evil, have we had this link before?
The saliva of this creature would turn it's victim in to a nymphomaniac (pishtaco) causing them to crave (in order of preference) semen, fat and then blood. Men were most at risk. Brazilian remedies included herbal mixtures, including garlic which was used to taint the blood and discourage attacks. Failing that you could always leave white stones outside of your door.
See also Iara, or Mboiacu - a shape changing witch with hypnotic red eyes. Jungle based.
Tokoloshe/Tikoloshe - Africa
This is the ultimate morality tale fable, probably used to warn against not controlling sexual desires and has roots within withcraft. The Tokoloshe often takes on the guise of a man and has a voracious sexual appetite. It would often charm or offer assistance to lone women and if they refused advances, then the beast would take it by force. It is also described as a baboon like creature.
The Strigoii - Romania
Where everyone thinks vampires come from. The Strigoii are hugely based on Romanian Gypsy Folklore. Described as pale, hairless beings who subsist on blood. Females were called the moroii. You became one of these as a punishment for not following religious morals. Also the inspiration for Nosferatu (1922).
You can research the following: Peter Plogojowitz, Arnold Paole, Giuseppe Davanzati and Dom Antoine Augustin Calmet. Don't forget Vlad the Impaler! A good way of throwing real hunters off the trail - remember 'The London Vampire'.
Rakshasa - India
Also known as the Churels, these were the spirits of women who died at childbirth during the festival of Devali. Often described as temptresses, they craved the blood and semen of village men. Also described as Pisacas, after tempting their victims towards graveyards they would reveal their skeletal form and dump the bodies in local water supplies.
There is a link to the Indian god Ravana, lord of the underworld, who was killed by Rama with an arrow through the heart.
Scandinavian Spirits - Norway
A big area to cover, there is some link to beings lurking in graveyards which is probably why the vampire link occurs. Research Nordic gods and demons.
The Penanggal (Phillipines)
A floating head that would lure its victims in to bushes. A naturally agressive spirit, it was also described as a Langsuir or woman dressed in green. The films of Cathay Keris tried to rival the Western Hollywood stereotypes. Worth investigating for fun. I have not covered vampires of the entire world, only the ones that will help you try and decipher the truth from the myth.